HORIZONS ISSUE 47- History of the Babylonian Empire


The ancient city of Babylon was a city in Mesopotamia which is now modern-day Iraq. The city of Babylon is so well known to many due to the many references to it in the Bible, although none of them are particularly glowing comments. The history of Babylon and the Babylonian Empire dates back thousands of years, and apart from its mentions in the Bible, Babylon is known for many things including its impressive Ishtar Gate, magnificent walls and buildings, the belief that it was a great seat of culture and learning and the, potentially fantastical, Hanging Gardens of Babylon built by Nebuchadnezzar II for his wife.

The code of Hammurabi

The Code of Hammurabi

The ancient King of Babylon, Hammurabi, created a set of laws known as the “Code of Hammurabi” to rule his vast empire.

Learn about cold chain management here

Cold chain management

Best Practices: Managing the cold chain

Here is one company that aims to reduce food wastage due to cosmetic blemishes

Imperfect foods

If food can be saved, we will save it. With every bite into a misshapen apple, scarred almond, or oversized egg, we can shape our world for the better. We are Imperfect Foods, and we’re proud to deliver groceries on a mission.

An orphan baby bat enjoying a massage

Bat massage

An abundance of rainfall in Brisbane, Australia, has made food scarce for hungry bats and has even led to some unfortunate casualties. This videographer strokes and massages an orphaned baby flying fox who is clearly loving the special attention.

Honduran white bats

White bats

The Honduran white bat (Ectophylla alba), is also called the Caribbean white tent-making bat. They are found not only in Honduras but also in Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. They are characterized by having distinctive, entirely snow-white fur, which is only found in six of the roughly 1,300 known species of bat.

A brief history of hallyu


Bong Joon-ho’s #Parasite made history at the 2020 Oscars. But what’s the story behind the #KoreanWave (or #Hallyu) and where’s the best place to start watching?

Learn more about MOOCs here


The Marshmallow experiment

Marshmallow Test

In this popular test, several kids wrestle with waiting to eat a marshmallow in hopes of a bigger prize. This video is a good illustration of temptation and the hope in future rewards. This experiment is based on many previous and similar scientific tests.

Learn more about sirens here


Sirens: The Seductive Creatures of Greek Mythology

The life of Rosa Parks

Life of Rosa Parks

She’s an inspiration to all of us with her courage and dignity and determination. Find out in 5 minutes about Rosa Parks, often called the ‘Mother of the Freedom Movement’ and what made her so remarkable.

Rosa Parks say she is not bitter

Rosa Parks 2

Former CNN host Larry King talks to Rosa Parks about her famous refusal to give up her seat on a bus to a white man.

Here are 10 basic French words for a beginner

10 basic French words

In this French lesson, Cindy, a native French teacher, teaches you the top 10 basic French words every beginner must know, and gives you a few French pronunciation tips.

Matthew Leong- Bocuse d’or candidate for Singapore

Matthew Leong

Mathew Leong is a Singaporean chef who currently works at the Oslo based restaurant A L´aise under the head chef Ulrik Jepsen. He is competing in the next Bocuse d´or finals in Lyon 2021. A great young guy with big ambitions for his career. Wish him luck on his journey to become one of the best chefs in the world.

An interview with Joseph Schooling’s parents

Joseph Schooling

Thanks to one definitive historic gold medal won in Olympic record-breaking style on Aug 13 by Joseph Schooling, the surge of national pride and unity across Singapore is at an all-time high. We find out more about Singapore’s pride on 5 Questions With.

Oral communication 2

Horizons Issue 47, Oral Communication Part 2. Watch the video and discuss the questions on page 63